Saw Palmetto (Serenoa repens) has a noticeable effect on body weight, general health and disposition, tranquility, appetite stimulation and reproductive organ health. Saw palmetto has been used to treat several related disorders of the genital-urinary system, including inflammation, rupture and blockage. Based on clinical findings, the cause of BPH is testosterone level build-up in the prostate. Within the prostate, testosterone is converted to an even more potent compound called ‘dihydrotestosterone.’ This compound causes cells to multiply excessively, which leads to prostate enlargement. Studies have shown that the fat-soluble saw palmetto berry extract prevents the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone. The berries act specifically on the enlarged prostate, reducing inflammation and pain. Saw palmetto is recommended in all wasting diseases because it has an effect upon all the glandular tissues. It is also a soothing nervine and acts as an anti-septic. Saw palmetto reportedly increases the size of the breasts of women of childbearing age.